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Nonetheless, London continued to recognise Irish citizens as British subjects until the passing of the Ireland Act 1949, which recognised, as a distinct class of persons, "citizens of the Republic of Ireland".
Beginning in 1923, some new economic rights were created for Irish citizens.
The law grants citizenship to individuals born in Northern Ireland under the same conditions as those born in the Republic of Ireland.
Irish citizenship originates from Article 3 of the Constitution of the Irish Free State which came into force on 6 December 1922, however Irish citizenship applied only domestically until the enactment of the Twenty-sixth Amendment on 5 April 1935 which applied it internationally.
As such it was a temporary provision which required the enactment of a fully-fledged citizenship law which was done by the Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act 1935.
This Act provided for, among other things: The provision of citizenship by descent had the effect, given the interpretation noted above, of providing citizenship for those in Northern Ireland born after 6 December 1922 so long as their father had been resident anywhere in Ireland on said date.
The Act also provided for the establishment of the Foreign Births Register.
Further, the 1935 Act was an attempt to assert the sovereignty of the Free State and the distinct nature of Irish citizenship, and to end the ambiguity over the relations between Irish citizenship and British subject status.
However, the Irish authorities repeatedly rejected the idea that its citizens had the additional status of "British subject".Irish passports were issued from 1923, and to the general public from 1924, but the British government objected to them, and their wording for many years.Using an Irish Free State passport abroad, if consular assistance from a British Embassy was required, could lead to administrative difficulties.Whether you are looking for ancestors in Antrim, Cork, Tyrone or Dublin, our unique collection of Irish records from every county will have something for you.
Irish immigrants typically left for North America from either a port in Ireland or England like Liverpool and Southampton.
This was because the Constitution was formally governed by the terms of the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, which stated that "the powers of the Parliament and government of the Irish Free State shall not be exercisable as respects Northern Ireland" before 6 January 1923, unless in that time both the two Houses of the Parliament of Northern Ireland had exercised a right to present an address to the King that "the powers of the Parliament and Government of the Irish Free State shall no longer extend to Northern Ireland".